Turkey could reach at least 8 gigawatts (GW) of solar capacity by 2020, according to chairman of Global Solar Council which coordinates the efforts of the world’s solar energy. The current solar PV capacity in Turkey is very low considering the huge resources (high solar irradiation), large amount of land and electricity demand, he added.
“There is huge potential over the coming 10 years,” Bruce Douglas said. “Turkey has pledged to develop 30 percent of its total installed capacity from renewable sources by 2023. The objective is to add 34 GW of hydropower, 20 GW of wind energy, 5 GW of solar energy, 1 GW of geothermal and 1 GW of biomass. The country also aims to have 10 percent of its transport sector needs met by renewable energy,” he highlighted.
Two years ago Turkey announced its 2023 plan with the aim of having 34 GW of installed capacity from hydroelectricity, 20 GW in wind energy, 5 GW from solar energy and 1GW each from geothermal and bio-mass.
Douglas argued that to achieve this goal, Turkey must increase about sevenfold its non-hydro renewables output in less than ten years.
“I can only really comment on the solar target, but it is clear that the 5GW target can easily be reached by 2023. Our analysis shows that at least 8GW of solar capacity could be installed in Turkey by 2020,” he said.
The country had 745.7 MW of installed capacity in solar at the end of October 2016, compared with 249 MW at the end of 2015. Annual installations of over 2 GW can easily be achieved if stable, supportive policy frameworks are put in place. There are many examples of this from other countries such as Germany, the U.K., U.S., and China, he explained. The global energy transition from fossil fuels to renewables is well underway, Douglas said. Solar will be a dominant power source of the 21st century due to its low cost, flexibility, fast deployment, sustainability and CO2 free, he added. He announced that solar power is a significant economic driver delivering local jobs and domestic investment given that solar has already generated over 2.6 million jobs globally.
The Global Solar Council was established by leading regional and national solar associations. It plans to unify the entire solar power sector at an international level, share best practices, and work collaboratively to accelerate solar electricity deployment worldwide.
According to the GSC, founding corporate members include ABB, Canadian Solar, E.ON, Enel Green Power, Flex, GCL, JinkoSolar, REC Group, RWE, SkyPower Global, SolarEdge, SolarWorld, Unilever, Waaree and Wacker Chemie AG.